Women and Crime
I believe the correctional system will face several issues when incarcerating women. Women have more special needs than men when incarceration is involved. According to Muraskin (2012), the rate of women being incarcerated is increasing. The reason for the increase is the war on drugs. The war on drugs is hard on low-level offenders because of harsh sentences for first-time offenders. Most females commit crimes that involve drugs or alcohol, may have been sexually abused in the past, and may have mental health issues.
This brings up several issues within incarceration. Most people think women “should have thought of their children” before committing a crime (Muraskin, 2012). Society does not think about the mental health issues, past abuse, and socioeconomic conditions plaguing women. Most of the women who are incarcerated have children. Muraskin (2012) suggests 60-80%. Some women who enter prison are pregnant. The biggest issue in corrections is how to give women proper medical and mental treatment. One of the biggest issues with incarcerated women is they are separated from their children. Also while in prison, women lack the proper parenting skills needed to support their family. The correctional system must provide adequate programming and care in light of these issues.
Maternal care is extremely limited. Not many prisons offer women childcare services such as parental training, time with their children, or a prison nursery. Furthermore, there are few gynecological doctors and post-birth services women need. Women also need breast examinations.
Meadows, R. J. (2014). Understanding Violence and Victimization (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.